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Gain access to expert knowledge and treatment for various skin conditions, including information on symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options, all provided by our team of experienced professionals.
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These are the skin disease conditions that our doctors at the Skin care Clinic may diagnose and treats.
Hair follicles blocked with oil and dead skin cells give rise to pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads, which is a common skin disorder known as acne. It frequently manifests on the face, neck, chest, and back and can be brought on by a number of things, including hormonal fluctuations, hereditary conditions, and some drugs. Acne can range in severity from minor to severe, and it can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription drugs, as well as lifestyle modifications including using adequate skin care products and eating a balanced diet.
Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a skin condition characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed patches of skin. It is a chronic illness that can appear anywhere on the body, though the face, hands, and feet are where it most frequently manifests itself. Atopic dermatitis is frequently linked to allergies or asthma and is thought to be brought on by a mix of hereditary and environmental causes. Atopic dermatitis cannot be cured, but it can be controlled with medication, good skin care, and avoiding triggers that might lead to flare-ups.
When a chemical that produces an allergic reaction or irritation comes into touch with the skin, contact dermatitis, a skin ailment, develops. Several things, such as soaps, detergents, cosmetics, jewelry, and plants, might contribute to this. Although contact dermatitis can cause a variety of symptoms, the most common ones are redness, itching, swelling, and occasionally blisters or crusts. Identifying and avoiding the offending material is usually the first step in treating contact dermatitis, along with administering topical medicines to alleviate symptoms. Oral medicines or other therapies could be required in extreme situations.
Psoriasis is a typical skin disorder that results in thick, scaly, and red areas of skin on the surface of the body. It is a chronic disorder that can affect any part of the body, but it most frequently affects the scalp, lower back, elbows, and knees. Although the exact etiology of psoriasis is unknown, a hyperactive immune system is thought to be a contributing factor. Psoriasis can range in severity from moderate to severe and may cycle in and out. Topical drugs, light therapy, and, in more severe cases, oral medications or injections, may all be required for the treatment of psoriasis.
Rosacea is a long-term skin disorder that results in facial redness, visible blood vessels, and tiny, pus-filled pimples that are red and raised. It usually affects the forehead, chin, nose, and cheeks, although it can also irritate or enlarge the eyes. Although the exact etiology of rosacea is unknown, it is thought to be a result of a genetically predisposed condition as well as environmental elements including stress, sun exposure, and specific diets. Although though there is no known cure for rosacea, it can be treated with a change in lifestyle, topical treatments, and in more extreme situations, oral medications.
A rash that is typically pink or red in color that develops on the chest, back, and arms is a common symptom of pityriasis rosea. Smaller patches that form along the skin’s natural lines provide the “Christmas tree” look that the rash is frequently characterized as having. Pityriasis rosea’s exact cause is unknown, but viral infections are thought to be a contributing factor. The ailment normally goes away on its own within a few weeks to a few months and is not contagious. Typically, over-the-counter or prescription drugs are used to treat pityriasis rosea in order to reduce itching and suffering.
A skin infection caused by a fungus called tinea corporis, popularly known as ringworm, results in a circular rash with elevated margins. Usually red and irritating, the rash can also be scaly or crusty. Although tinea corporis can happen everywhere on the body, the arms, legs, and trunk are the most frequently affected areas. It can be passed along by exchanging contaminated objects like towels or clothing or by coming into contact with sick animals or people. Antifungal drugs are frequently used topically or orally to treat tinea corporis, and it’s crucial to keep the afflicted region dry and clean to stop the infection from spreading.
A fungal skin illness affecting the feet is called tinea pedis, or athlete’s foot. Between the toes and on the soles of the feet, it frequently results in redness, itching, and peeling of the skin. Tinea pedis is transferred by exchanging socks or shoes with an infected individual or by coming into contact with contaminated surfaces. Those with a weaker immune system or those who sweat frequently are more likely to get the illness. Tinea pedis is normally treated with over-the-counter or prescription antifungal drugs, good foot care, and the use of breathable footwear and stockings.
Impetigo is a bacterial skin condition that is extremely infectious. It typically manifests as painful, itchy red sores or blisters on the hands, feet, or face. The lesions could erupt and have a crusty yellow-brown color. Impetigo can be passed from one person to another directly or by coming into contact with contaminated towels or clothing. Children are more likely to contract the infection, which can be treated with antibiotics administered topically or orally. To stop the infection from spreading, it’s crucial not to scratch the sores.
A viral illness called herpes can result in painful blisters or sores on the mouth or genitalia. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 are the two types of herpes viruses (HSV-2). Oral herpes is more frequently connected with HSV-1, whereas genital herpes is more frequently related with HSV-2. Infected individuals can spread the virus to others by coming into close contact with them, coming into contact with their saliva, or coming into contact with their vaginal fluids. Herpes has no known treatment, although antiviral drugs can lessen the severity and frequency of outbreaks, and it’s crucial to engage in safe sex to stop the virus from spreading.
Herpes zoster, another name for shingles, is a contagious viral infection that results in a painful rash. It is brought on by the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. The chickenpox virus stays dormant in the body after a person gets it and can reactivate years later to produce shingles. The illness usually manifests as a rash on one side of the body, usually the torso, and is distinguished by uncomfortable blisters that can take several weeks to cure. Antiviral drugs can be used to treat shingles and help shorten the duration and intensity of the symptoms. Moreover, there is a vaccine available to protect anyone over 50 from developing shingles.
Little, raised bumps on the skin known as common warts are brought on by a viral infection. They frequently show up on the hands, fingers, or feet and have a gritty, abrasive texture. The human papillomavirus (HPV), which is what causes common warts, can be contracted by coming into contact with an infected person or by handling contaminated materials. Common warts are mostly unharmful and can go away on their own with time, but they can also be treated with over-the-counter remedies, prescription drugs, or dermatologist-performed surgeries. To stop warts from spreading to other areas of the body, it’s crucial to refrain from picking or scratching them.
Little, flesh-colored or gray growths known as genital warts can occur on the penis, vagina, anus, or surrounding skin. The human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, is what causes them. In addition to being transmitted from an infected individual to another during sexual activity, genital warts can also be conveyed from a pregnant mother to her unborn child during childbirth. Genital warts may not cause any symptoms in some people, but they might cause itching, burning, or discomfort in the affected area in others. Prescription drugs, medical procedures, or topical treatments are available for treating genital warts. It’s also crucial to practice safe sex to stop the virus from spreading.
Teeny, raised bumps or welts on the skin known as bug bites are brought on by an insect’s bite or sting. Mozzies, ants, bees, wasps, and spiders are common insects that can bite. Redness, swelling, itching, and pain are just a few of the symptoms of an insect bite that can vary depending on the species of insect and how the person reacts to the bite. Sometimes, an allergic reaction might happen, resulting in more serious symptoms like hives, breathing problems, and swelling of the face or throat. Cleaning the injured area with soap and water, applying a cold compress to minimize swelling, and taking over-the-counter medications like antihistamines or painkillers are the common methods used to treat insect bites.
Skin cancer that develops in the basal cells, which are found in the skin’s base layer, is known as basal cell carcinoma. Everywhere on the body, but most frequently on exposed areas like the face, neck, and arms, it usually manifests as a small, raised, pearly lump or a pink or red, scaly patch of skin that never heals. The most prevalent type of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma, which grows slowly and seldom metastasizes to other regions of the body. Take precautions to avoid skin injury from the sun to lower the risk, and treatment options include surgical removal, freezing, or radiation therapy.
Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that develops in the squamous cells, which are the flat cells that make up the outer layer of the skin. It typically appears as a firm, red bump or a scaly patch of skin that may bleed or crust over, and can be found anywhere on the body, but most commonly on areas that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, and hands. Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer, and it can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated. Treatment options include surgical removal, radiation therapy, or topical medications, and it is important to take steps to prevent skin damage from the sun to reduce the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma.
Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that affects the deeper layers of the skin, as well as the underlying tissues and fat. It typically occurs when bacteria enter the skin through a cut, wound, or other opening, and can cause redness, swelling, warmth, and pain in the affected area. Cellulitis can occur anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found on the legs, arms, and face. In severe cases, it can lead to the spread of infection to other parts of the body, and can be life-threatening if left untreated. Treatment for cellulitis usually involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria, as well as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications to manage symptoms. In addition, keeping the affected area clean and elevated can help to reduce swelling and promote healing.
Actinic keratosis is a skin condition characterized by rough, scaly patches or bumps on the skin that are caused by prolonged exposure to the sun or other sources of ultraviolet radiation, such as tanning beds. It most commonly occurs on areas of the body that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, scalp, arms, and hands, and can range in color from flesh-colored to dark brown. Although actinic keratosis is not usually dangerous, it can sometimes develop into a type of skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma if left untreated. Treatment options for actinic keratosis include cryotherapy, which involves freezing the affected area with liquid nitrogen, and topical medications such as creams or gels that contain imiquimod or fluorouracil. It is also important to take steps to protect the skin from further sun damage, such as wearing protective clothing and using sunscreen.
A typical skin ailment called seborrheic keratosis results in benign, noncancerous skin growths. Raised, waxy, or scaly patches that can range in hue from white to dark brown or black and appear anywhere on the body are its defining features. The majority of cases of seborrheic keratosis occur in middle-aged or older persons, and they are typically unrelated to any health risks or consequences. Seborrheic keratosis often does not require treatment, however excision may be advised for aesthetic purposes or if the growths become irritating or inflamed. Options for treatment include curettage, which is scraping the growths off the skin with a surgical instrument, and cryotherapy, which involves freezing the growths with liquid nitrogen.
A birthmark or skin growth made up of blood vessels is called a hemangioma. Hemangiomas can appear everywhere on the body, but the face, head, chest, and back are where they are most frequently encountered. They can be red, pink, or purple in hue and range in size from little flat areas to massive elevated masses. Although the majority of hemangiomas are benign and do not need to be treated, some can be uncomfortable or interfere with eyesight or other vital processes. Hemangiomas can be treated with drugs to limit their growth or shrink them, laser therapy to lessen their appearance, or in rare circumstances, surgery to eliminate them. Hemangiomas may eventually disappear on their own.
A melanocytic nevus, also known as a mole, is a type of skin growth that is made up of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Moles can appear anywhere on the body and can vary in size, shape, and color. They can be flat or raised and may be brown, black, or flesh-colored. While most moles are harmless and do not require treatment, some may change in size, shape, or color over time, which may indicate a risk of skin cancer. It is important to monitor moles regularly and report any changes to a healthcare provider. In rare cases, moles may be surgically removed for cosmetic or medical reasons.
An ulcer is an open sore or wound on the skin or inside the body that does not heal or that keeps returning. Ulcers can occur anywhere in the body, but are most common on the skin, in the mouth, and in the digestive system. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, injuries, chronic diseases, and poor circulation. Symptoms of an ulcer may include pain, redness, swelling, and fluid drainage. Treatment for ulcers depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, dressings, surgery, or lifestyle changes. Left untreated, ulcers can lead to serious complications, such as infection, tissue damage, and in some cases, even death.
A bruise is a skin injury that occurs when small blood vessels under the skin break and leak blood into the surrounding tissues. Bruises can happen anywhere on the body and can range in size from small spots to larger areas of discoloration. They are usually caused by a blow or impact to the skin, but can also be the result of underlying medical conditions or medications. Symptoms of a bruise include pain, tenderness, swelling, and a change in skin color from red or pink to purple or blue. Most bruises heal on their own over time, but can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the affected area to reduce swelling and pain.
A cyst is a tissue pocket that resembles a sac and is filled with fluid, pus, or other substances. Cysts can be extremely little or rather large and can develop anywhere on the body. Many things, including as infections, trauma, and genetic conditions, might lead to them. A cyst may present with a visible bulge or bump under the skin as well as discomfort, swelling, and other symptoms. Cysts can occasionally burst or get infected, which can result in more severe symptoms and problems. Depending on the cyst’s size, location, and underlying reason, treatment options range from medication to surgery to drainage.
A cold sore, also known as a fever blister, is a small, painful blister that forms on or around the lips, mouth, or nose. It is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), which is highly contagious and can be spread through close contact with an infected person or by touching a contaminated surface. Cold sores typically last for several days to two weeks and may be accompanied by symptoms such as itching, burning, and tingling. There is no cure for cold sores, but antiviral medications and over-the-counter creams can help to relieve symptoms and reduce the duration of an outbreak. It is important to avoid close contact with others and to practice good hygiene to prevent the spread of the virus.
Folliculitis is a skin condition in which the hair follicles become inflamed and infected. It can occur anywhere on the body where hair grows, but is most common on the scalp, face, and legs. Folliculitis can be caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection, or by irritation from shaving, clothing, or other sources. Symptoms of folliculitis may include small red or white bumps, itching, and tenderness. In more severe cases, there may be pus-filled blisters or a crusty surface on the affected area. Treatment for folliculitis depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, antifungal medications, or topical creams. In many cases, folliculitis can be prevented by practicing good hygiene, avoiding tight clothing, and avoiding skin irritation.
Friction blisters are small, raised pockets of fluid that develop on the skin as a result of repeated rubbing or friction. They are most common on the hands and feet, but can occur anywhere on the body. Friction blisters usually form on the outer layer of the skin and can be caused by activities such as running, walking, or wearing ill-fitting shoes. Symptoms of friction blisters may include pain, tenderness, and a burning sensation. In most cases, friction blisters will heal on their own within a few days or weeks, but they can be prevented by wearing properly fitting shoes and clothing, using protective pads or bandages, and avoiding activities that cause excessive rubbing or friction.
A laceration is a type of injury that occurs when the skin is cut or torn open, usually by a sharp object. Lacerations can vary in severity, from minor cuts that only require simple first aid to deep wounds that may require stitches or other medical treatment. Common causes of lacerations include accidents with sharp objects such as knives, broken glass, or tools, as well as injuries from falls or sports. Symptoms of a laceration may include pain, bleeding, swelling, and redness. Treatment for a laceration depends on the severity of the injury and may include cleaning and dressing the wound, applying pressure to stop bleeding, and seeking medical attention if necessary.
Nail psoriasis is a skin condition that affects the nails of the fingers and toes. It is a form of psoriasis that causes the nails to become thickened, discolored, and deformed. Nail psoriasis can affect the appearance and function of the nails, causing them to become brittle and easily breakable. It may also cause pain and discomfort, especially when walking or using the hands. Nail psoriasis can be treated with medications, including topical creams, oral medications, and injections. In some cases, nail psoriasis may be a sign of a more severe form of psoriasis that affects other areas of the body, so it is important to seek medical advice if you experience any symptoms of nail psoriasis.
Plaque psoriasis is a common skin condition that causes red, raised, and scaly patches on the skin. The patches, known as plaques, are typically found on the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back, but can occur anywhere on the body. Plaque psoriasis is a chronic condition that tends to come and go, with periods of flare-ups followed by periods of remission. The exact cause of plaque psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to be related to an overactive immune system that causes skin cells to grow too quickly. Treatment for plaque psoriasis may include topical creams, light therapy, oral medications, and biologic injections.
Oral thrush, also known as oropharyngeal candidiasis, is a fungal infection of the mouth caused by the Candida fungus. It is a common condition that can affect people of all ages, but is most common in babies, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems. Symptoms of oral thrush may include white or cream-colored patches on the tongue, gums, or inner cheeks, a sore or burning sensation in the mouth, and difficulty swallowing. Oral thrush can be treated with antifungal medications, such as topical creams or oral tablets, and by practicing good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition that causes red, itchy, and flaky patches of skin, especially on the scalp, face, and upper chest. It is caused by an overgrowth of yeast on the skin, and can be triggered by factors such as stress, hormonal changes, and cold weather. Seborrheic dermatitis can often be managed with over-the-counter medicated shampoos and creams, and by practicing good skin hygiene. In some cases, prescription medications may be necessary to manage more severe symptoms.
Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, scaly patches on the scalp, and sometimes on other areas of the body. It is a type of psoriasis, a chronic autoimmune condition that affects the skin, nails, and joints. The exact cause of scalp psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to be related to an immune system malfunction. Symptoms of scalp psoriasis may include red, scaly patches on the scalp, itching, and flaking. Treatment for scalp psoriasis may include medicated shampoos and topical creams, as well as systemic medications in more severe cases.
Tinea corporis, also known as ringworm, is a fungal infection of the skin that can occur on various parts of the body, including the arms, legs, trunk, and face. It is characterized by a red, circular rash with raised edges and a clear center, which may be itchy or painful. Tinea corporis is caused by various types of fungi that thrive in warm, moist environments, and can be spread through direct contact with infected skin, animals, or objects. Treatment for tinea corporis typically involves antifungal medications, such as topical creams or oral medications, and good skin hygiene to prevent the spread of infection.
Athlete’s foot, sometimes called tinea pedis, is a fungal illness that mostly affects the skin of the feet and the crevices between the toes. It may also result in skin that is cracked, blistered, or peeling, as well as itchiness, burning, and redness. Many fungus, including those that flourish in sweaty shoes and socks and other warm, wet settings, are the primary cause of tinea pedis. It is most frequently distributed in public areas where bare feet are worn, like showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. In order to stop the infection from spreading, tinea pedis is often treated with antifungal drugs, such as topical creams or oral pills.